by Mr. T in DC
Types of body modification
Body piercing – Permanent placement of jewelry through an artificial fistula; sometimes further modified by stretching
Ear piercing – The most common type of body modification
Dermal anchoring Similar to transdermal implants, giving the appearance of a small bead on the skin
Pearling – Also known as genital beading
Neck ring- Multiple Neck rings are worn to stretch the neck.
Eyeball tattooing – Injection of a pigment into the cornea.
Extraocular implant (eyeball jewelry) – The implantation of jewelry in the outer layer of the eye.
Surface Piercing – A surface piercing is a piercing where the entrance and exit holes are pierced through the same flat area of skin.
Transdermal implant – implantation of an object below the dermis, but which exits the skin at one or more points
In contrast to the explicit ornaments, the following procedures are primarily not meant to be exposed per se, but rather function to augment another part of the body, like the skin in a subdermal implant.
Breast implants – Insertion of silicone bags filled with silicone gel or saline solution into the breasts to increase their size, or to restore a more normal appearance after surgery
Subdermal implant – implantation of an object that resides entirely below the dermis, including Horn implants
Removal or split
Male circumcision – the partial or full removal of the foreskin, sometimes also the frenulum–conversely some men choose to take up foreskin restoration.
Female genital cutting – removal of the labia minora or the clitoral hood
Genital bisection – splitting of both the underside and the top of the penis, including Genital inversion
Meatotomy – splitting of the underside of the glans penis
Headsplitting – splitting of both the underside and the top of the glans penis
Nullification involves the voluntary removal of body parts. Body parts that are removed by those practicing body nullification are for example Fingers, Penis (penectomy), Testicles (castration), Clitoris, Labia or Nipples. Sometimes people who desire a nullification may be diagnosed with body integrity identity disorder or apotemnophilia.
Subincision – splitting of the underside of the penis, also called urethrotomy
Tongue splitting – bisection of the tongue similar to a snake’s
Trepanation, drilling a hole into the skull
Applying long-term force
Body modifications occurring as the end result of long term activities or practices
Corsetry or tightlacing – binding of the waist and shaping of the torso
Cranial binding – modification of the shape of infants’ heads, now extremely rare
Breast ironing – Pressing (sometimes with a heated object) the breasts of a pubescent female to prevent their growth.
Foot binding – compression of the feet of girls to modify them for aesthetic reasons
Non-surgical elongation of organs by prolonged stretching using weights or spacing devices. Some cultural traditions prescribe for or encourage members of one sex (or both) to have one organ stretched till permanent re-dimensioning has occurred, such as:
The ‘giraffe-like’ stretched necks (sometimes also other organs) of women among the Burmese Kayan tribe, the result of wearing brass coils around them. This compresses the collarbone and upper ribs but is not medically dangerous. It is a myth that removing the rings will cause the neck to ‘flop’; Padaung women remove them regularly for cleaning etc.
Stretched lip piercings – achieved by inserting ever larger plates, such as those made of clay used by some Amazonian tribes.
Branding – controlled burning or cauterizing of tissue to encourage intentional scarring
Ear shaping (which includes Ear cropping , Ear pointing or “elfing” )
Scarification – cutting or removal of dermis with the intent to encourage intentional scarring or keloiding
The head of a man with conspicuous tattoos and other body modifications
Some sources of controversy stem from the notion of attempting to artificially beautify the natural form of the body, often leading to charges of disfigurement and mutilation. Extreme forms of body modification are occasionally viewed as symptomatic of body dysmorphic disorder, other mental illnesses, or as an expression of unchecked vanity. Unlicensed surgery (i.e. the plastic surgery field) performed outside of a medical environment can often be life-threatening, and is illegal in most countries and states.
“Disfigurement” (a subjective term) and “mutilation” (regardless of any appreciation this always applies objectively whenever a bodily function is gravely diminished or lost, as with castration) are terms used by opponents of body modification to describe certain types of modifications, especially non-consensual ones. Those terms are used fairly uncontroversially to describe the victims of torture, who have endured damage to ears, eyes, feet, genitalia, hands, noses, teeth, and/or tongues, including amputation, burning, flagellation, piercing, skinning, and wheeling. “Genital mutilation” is also used somewhat more controversially to describe certain kinds of socially prescribed modifications to the genitals, such as circumcision, female circumcision, castration, and surgeries performed to conform the genitals of individuals with intersex conditions to those of typical males or females.
Individuals known for extensive body modification
Rick Genest, has had his entire head and torso tattooed so as to appear like a human skeleton
Pete Burns, had extensive polyacrylamide injections into his lips, along with cheek implants, several nose re-shapings and many tattoos
Elaine Davidson, the “Most Pierced Woman” according to the Guinness World Records.
Julia Gnuse (“The Illustrated Lady”)
Cindy Jackson, had more cosmetic surgery procedures than anyone else in the world
Katzen (“Cat woman”)
Tom Leppard, formerly considered by the Guinness Book of World Records to be the world’s most tattooed man.
Erik Sprague (“The Lizardman”), with sharpened teeth, full-body tattoo of green scales, bifurcated tongue, and recently, green-inked lips
The Scary Guy, his nose, eyebrows and ears are pierced and tattoos cover 85 percent of his body.
Lucky Diamond Rich, holds the Guinness world record as “the world’s most tattooed person” as of 2006
Hao Lulu, extensive cosmetic surgery in 2003 to alter her appearance, tagged “The Artificial Beauty”
Horace Ridler (“The Great Omi”), tattooed in a pattern of curved black stripes, often described as zebra-like
Pauly Unstoppable, the first person to get the white of their eye tattooed
Stalking Cat (“Cat man”)
Stelarc, got a cell-cultivated ear implanted into his left arm
Jocelyn Wildenstein (“Lion Queen/Cat Woman”)
Fakir Musafar, having exposed himself to body piercing, tightlacing, scarification, tattooing and suspension
Attraction to disability
BME, a large website devoted to body modification
Fakir Musafar, the grandfather of body modification
Suspension (body modification)
^ What is body modification?
^ Dermal Anchoring – BME Encyclopedia
^ Scrotal Implant – BME Encyclopedia
^ Microdermal – BME Encyclopedia
^ Silicone Injection – BME Encyclopedia
^ Horn Implant – BME Encyclopedia
^ Genital Frenectomy – BME Encyclopedia
^ Inversion – BME Encyclopedia
^ Nipple Removal – BME Encyclopedia
^ Nipple Splitting – BME Encyclopedia
^ Jamie Gadette. “Underground”. Salt Lake City Weekly. http://www.slweekly.com/index.cfm?do=article.details&id=1CA812CA-2BF4-55D0-F1F09D9BE9B80EB9.Â
^ Tongue Frenectomy – BME Encyclopedia
^ Shannon Larratt. “nullification, the voluntary removal of body parts”. BMEzine. http://cgi.bmezine.com/cgi-bin/glossary.exe?search=nullification. Retrieved 2007-08-29.Â
^ Shannon Larratt (March 18, 2002). ModCon: The Secret World Of Extreme Body Modification. BMEbooks. ISBN 0973008008.Â
^ Adam Callen. “What is TOO Extreme for Body Modification?”. Ezine Articles. http://ezinearticles.org/?What-is-TOO-Extreme-for-Body-Modification?&id=98231. Retrieved 2007-08-29.Â
^ Anal Stretching – BME Encyclopedia
^ Ear Shaping – BME Encyclopedia
^ Ear Cropping – BME Encyclopedia
^ Ear Pointing – BME Encyclopedia
^ Tooth Filing – BME Encyclopedia
^ Freak: Encyclopedia II – Freak – Made freaks
^ “Guinness World Records – Human Body – Extreme Bodies – Most Pierced Woman”. Guinness World Records. 2001-08-09. http://www.guinnessworldrecords.com/records/human_body/extreme_bodies/most_pierced_woman.aspx. Retrieved 2007-08-26.Â
^ Lucky Diamond Rich is now acknowledged as the world’s most tattooed person. Guinness World Records. “Most Tattooed Person”. http://www.guinessworldrecords.com/records/human_body/body_beautiful/most_tattooed_person.aspx. Retrieved 2007-08-21.Â
^ Windrow, John. (September 1, 1998) Star Tribune. The Scary Guy brings a message of the spirit. Section: Variety; Page 1E.
^ Guinness World Records, Most Tattooed Person, http://www.guinessworldrecords.com/records/human_body/body_beautiful/most_tattooed_person.aspx, retrieved 2007-05-07Â
^ Masters, Paul (27 February 2008). “See world’s first eyeball tattoo”. The Sun. http://www.thesun.co.uk/sol/homepage/features/article853274.ece. Retrieved 2009-04-15.Â
^ Performer gets third ear for art BBC News. Last Updated: Thursday, 11 October 2007, 14:49 GMT 15:49 UK
The Official Body Modification Organization
New Zealand Body Modification Community
Pictures of scarification in Africa – Features by Jean-Michel Clajot, Belgian photographer
Body Modification E-Zine Encyclopedia entry showing various inappropriate uses of ear piercing instruments
Body Modification E-Zine article on the Studex System 75
Church of Body Modification
The Scary Guy’s Website
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General piercing topics
Contemporary piercing practicesÂ ScalpellingÂ StretchingÂ Play piercingÂ PocketingÂ Surface piercingÂ Ear piercing gun
BarbellÂ ClawÂ Captive bead ringÂ Flesh tunnelÂ PlugÂ Prince’s wandÂ SpiralÂ StudÂ Nose chainÂ Nipple shield
TragusÂ AntitragusÂ SnugÂ DaithÂ ConchÂ HelixÂ RookÂ Industrial
Facial and oral piercings
CheekÂ EyebrowÂ Anti-eyebrowÂ Lip (LabretÂ Lip plateÂ Lip frenulumÂ MonroeÂ Medusa)Â Nose (Bridge)Â Tongue (Tongue frenulum)Â Uvula
CorsetÂ Hand webÂ HipÂ MadisonÂ NavelÂ NippleÂ NapeÂ WristÂ Neck
Unisex genital or anal piercings
AnusÂ GuicheÂ PubicÂ Chastity
Female genital piercings
ChristinaÂ ClitorisÂ Clitoral hoodÂ TriangleÂ FourchetteÂ IsabellaÂ LabiaÂ NefertitiÂ Princess Albertina
Male genital piercings
AmpallangÂ ApadravyaÂ HafadaÂ ForeskinÂ Deep shaftÂ DolphinÂ DydoeÂ Frenum (Frenum ladder)Â LorumÂ Magic crossÂ Prince AlbertÂ Reverse Prince AlbertÂ Transscrotal
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